4 Fundamental Principles of Chronic Disease Management

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Chronic disease management provides treatment and support to persons who have chronic health conditions. It gives patients the medical care, knowledge, skills, and resources to manage their disease properly. Chronic diseases are long-term illnesses that normally progress slowly. This category includes conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, chronic renal disease, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), depression, and arthritis, to name a few.


The following are some of the principles:


Recognizing the patient’s experiences


Chronic disease care should consider the patient’s needs, worries, and feelings, such as grieving over lost abilities, and allow them to express their concerns about their chronic disease. The primary care doctor formally accepts the validity of the patient’s experiences by acknowledging subjective perceptions and symptoms of the disease. Patients benefit from acknowledgment because it helps them adjust to their condition and improves the patient-doctor connection.


Recognizing the patient’s awareness of their own life


The chronic care management services caregiver should acknowledge and value the patient’s expertise. Because the patient’s choices determine the effectiveness of chronic disease management, all interactions with health providers should center on the patient’s strengths and challenges in managing their condition. Management plans should take into account health professionals’ knowledge and the patient’s concerns, goals, and resources. Patients should be treated as full members of the healthcare team, giving them a sense of control and empowerment.


Developing a long-term partnership


Effective chronic disease management requires a long-term relationship between patients and healthcare providers. The partnership is a relationship and a process that encourages the patient to take control of their health. As a result, patients may become more engaged in their treatment, assisting in clarifying symptoms and diagnoses, sharing decision-making and treatment responsibilities, debating treatment outcomes and alternatives, and deciding on a treatment plan. This idea is centered on enhancing physician-patient communication while also developing common ground.


Mutual respect, trust, and collaborative action are essential elements in developing and improving the patient-physician relationship. Both the patient and the healthcare professional must be willing to share responsibility and power. Continuity of treatment is an opportunity to deepen the patient-doctor connection, empower the patient, and provide support during chronic disease’s most challenging stages.


When a health professional and a patient understand and agree on chronic disease, the goals and priorities in chronic disease management and treatment, and the roles of the patient and the health professional, they have found common ground. Patients’ needs, interests, and beliefs should always be respected.


Giving people a true sense of hope


This approach emphasizes positivity and support in the face of uncertainty or the inescapable progression of chronic conditions. Hope has been identified as an essential aspect of patient adaptation to disease and impairment. Providing patients with a healthy dose of optimism and realism helps them cope with uncertainty while improving their well-being and adaptability. Hope does not disregard the negative aspects of the situation but instead stresses the positive aspects and potential changes that could lead to improved results or quality of life.


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